Skin Cancer

To learn more about skin cancer (including melanoma), you can access information from the National Cancer Institute below.

To view skin cancer booklets and/or download for use in your planner, please select from the options below.

ASCO Answers Fact Sheet: Melanoma
NCCN Guidelines for Patients Booklet: Melanoma
CancerCare Treatment Update Booklet: Advanced Skin Cancer

Melanoma

Skin Cancer – Did You Know?

  • Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer globally. The main types of skin cancer include basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma, and merkel cell carcinoma.1
  • The most common signs and symptoms of melanoma include abnormal moles, sores, lumps, blemishes, markings or changes in the way skin looks or feels.2 Risk factors associated with melanoma include ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, abnormal moles, fair skin, freckling, light hair and personal/family history of melanoma 3
  • Basal cell cancers can occur anywhere on the body, but usually develop on sun-exposed areas of the body, such as the face, head, and neck. The most common signs and symptoms include flat, firm, pale or yellow areas, raised reddish patches (may be itchy), small, pink/red, translucent, shiny, pearly bumps (may have blue, brown or black areas), pink growths with raised edges or open sores that don’t heal (may ooze or have crusted areas).
  • Squamous cell cancers usually occur on sun-exposed areas of the body such as the face, ear, neck, lip, and back of the hands. The most common signs include rough or scaly red patches (may crust/bleed), raised growths or lumps, open sores that don’t heal (may ooze or have crusted areas) or wart-like growths.4
  • Risk factors associated with basal and squamous cell cancers include, but are not limited to, ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, light-colored skin, radiation exposure and skin cancer history.5
  • Connecting with other people that have skin cancer online and/or in person (melanoma support group) can help you learn about your condition and provide you with support.

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May is Melanoma/Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month

Additional Resources

AIM at Melanoma Foundation
877-246-2635
aimatmelanoma.org

Melanoma Research Foundation
800-673-1290 or 202-347-9675
melanoma.org

The Skin Cancer Foundation
212‑725‑5176
skincancer.org